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Longing for the Past and Longing for the Future-A Phenomenological Assessment of the Relation Between Temporal Focus and Readiness to Change Among People Living With Addiction

About the Course:

This course examines using nostalgia as a tool of change in gambling addiction. Participants were ask to focus on their life before gambling and envisioning a future without gambling. It includes: readiness to change, temporal focus, past condition, future condition, future perception, and past perception.

This course is based on the reading-based online, Longing for the Past and Longing for the Future-A Phenomenological Assessment of the Relation Between Temporal Focus and Readiness to Change Among People Living With Addiction created by Melissa M. Salmon and Michael J. A. Wohl, PhD in 2020.

Publication Date:

Jul 2020

Course Material Authors

Course Material Authors authored the material only, and were not involved in creating this CE course. They are identified here for your own evaluation of the relevancy of the material this course is based on.

Melissa M. Salmon, MA
Melissa Salmon is a second year PhD student in Psychology under Dr. Michael Wohl’s supervision at Carleton University. Her research interests focus on addiction and the self. Specifically, she is interested in understanding how perceptions of the past and future self can promote positive behavior change among people engaging in disordered gambling and other addictive behaviors. Her work has been published in multiple peer reviewed journals.
Michael J. A. Wohl, PhD
Dr. Michael Wohl is a Professor of Psychology at Carleton University. Broadly speaking, he has two areas of research: 1) conflict resolution and 2) disordered gambling. His gambling research focuses on the factors that contribute to addiction (gambling) and refusal to seek treatment. The majority of this work has focused on erroneous cognitions (e.g., perceptions of luck), craving, and contextual factors (e.g., socio-economics) as predictors of continued gambling behavior. Recently, Wohl has examined why disordered gamblers are reluctant to seek professional help and means to motivate behavioral change (e.g., promoting nostalgic revere for the pre-addicted self). His work has been published in multiple peer reviewed journals.

Course Creator

L.A. Rankin
L.A. Rankin is a social worker with experience in many different settings with a variety of clients. She has worked with dementia and Alzheimers patients, dual diagnosis MH/MR, in a battered women’s shelter, and a rape crisis center. She also has 11 years of experience as a child protective social worker, where she earned certificates in domestic abuse/family violence and substance abuse.

Recommended For:

Counselors, marriage and family therapists, psychologists and social workers. This course is appropriate for all levels of knowledge.

Course Objectives:

After taking this course, you should be able to:

  1. Discuss two ways that the literature supports a future change model.
  2. Identify two ways in which participants used nostalgic reverie, whether positive or negative.
  3. Summarize how participants viewed their past before gambling and future without it impacts readiness to change.

Exam Questions

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Course Number 103089
2 CE credit hours
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  • Reading-Based Online
Exam Fee $11.94
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