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Are Relaxation Techniques Effective As An Active Ingredient in the Treatment of Adolescents

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

About the Course:

Adolescent depression and anxiety are among the leading contributors to health burden worldwide. ‘Relaxation Techniques (RTs)’ are frequently cited as an active ingredient in treating these conditions in adolescents. However, there is a little evidence on the effectiveness of ‘relaxation techniques’ for this age group. This review and meta-analysis of relevant literature evaluated the effectiveness of RTs to reduce the symptoms of distress, anxiety and depression in young people, aged 14 to 24 years old, globally.

This course is based on the reading-based online article, Effectiveness Of relaxation Techniques ‘as An active Ingredient Of psychological Interventions’ To reduce Distress, Anxiety And depression In adolescents: A systematic Review And meta-analysis created by Syed Usman Hamdani, PhD,et al in 2022.

Publication Date:

International Journal of Mental Health Systems (2022) 16:31 2022

Course Material Authors

Course Material Authors authored the material only, and were not involved in creating this CE course. They are identified here for your own evaluation of the relevancy of the material this course is based on.

Syed Usman Hamdani, PhD
Dr. Syed Usman Hamdani is the Director of the Global Institute of Human Development (GIHD) ( and Human Development Research Foundation (HDRF) ( He is a clinical academic by training and has led/co-led about 10 trials of psychological interventions to bridge the treatment gap for mental health in low resource settings. His research work follows a life course approach and explores the use of task-shifting strategies such as training parents, peers, school teachers and non-specialists’ facilitators and therapists as delivery agents; use of technology, health economic evaluations and policy influence to make child and adolescent mental health services available in a sustainable and scalable manner. His work has been published in multiple peer reviewed journals.
Zill is a global mental health researcher and a Doctoral Fellow at the Department of Primary Care and Mental Health, University of Liverpool, UK. Her area of interest is using task-shifting approaches to assist scale-up of child and adolescent mental health interventions in low-income settings.
Syeda Wajeeha Zafar
Syeda Wajeeha Zafar is a clinical psychologist who is currently working as a lecturer and research fellow at the Global Institute of Human Development Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Pakistan. Her work has been published in multiple peer reviewed journals.

Course Creator

Barbara F. McMillan, LPC
Barbara McMillan, BA, MS, EdD, LPC has 35 years of experience as a therapist, clinical director, and administrator in mental health and substance abuse programs. She holds degrees in psychology and education, and has been a licensed professional counselor and supervising counselor for many years. After 18 years in various roles in private and public mental health settings, she became a full-time college psychology and sociology instructor.

Recommended For:

Counselors, marriage and family therapists, psychologists and social workers. This course is appropriate for all levels of knowledge.

Course Objectives:

After taking this course, you should be able to:

  1. Describe the use or relaxation training in treating depression, anxiety, and distress as currently implemented.
  2. Discuss the efficacy of relaxation as an "ingredient" of effective therapy for adolescents.
  3. List findings and limitations revealed by systematic review and meta-analysis of available relevant literature.


Disclosure of Relevant Financial Relationships

Disclosure of Relevant Financial Relationships

CE Learning Systems, LLC is an independent provider of continuing medical education. CE Learning Systems, LLC has no proprietary or financial interest in medical or healthcare products over which the FDA (USA) or EMA (EU) has regulatory authority.

In accordance with our disclosure policies, CE Learning Systems, LLC is committed to ensuring balance, independence, objectivity, and scientific rigor for all accredited continuing education. These policies include assigning relevance to, and mitigating, all perceived or real conflicts of interest between any individual with control over the content and any ineligible company (commercial interest).

Any individual with control over accredited content, including planner, faculty, and reviewer, is required to globally disclose:

  1. Individual relationship(s) or lack thereof, and its nature, with any/all ineligible company, and
  2. any investigational, off-label, or non-FDA approved content or discussion

CE Learning Systems, LLC has reviewed these disclosures, assigned relevance based on the relationship and scope of content, and identified those with the potential to compromise the goals and educational integrity of the education. Relevant relationships, or lack thereof, are shared with the learner.

Education has been independently peer-reviewed to validate content, mitigate identified conflicts of interest, and ensure:

  1. All recommendations involving clinical medicine is based on evidence that is accepted within the medical profession as adequate justification for their indications and contraindications in the care of patients.
  2. All scientific research referred to, reported, or used in accredited continuing education in support or justification of a patient care recommendation conforms to the generally accepted standards of experimental design, data collection, and analysis.
  3. Content is appropriate, fair and balanced, unbiased, referenced, and non-promotional.

The planners have reported the following: There are no relevant disclosures.

Course Material Authors

The authors have disclosed any disclosures within the material.

Course Creator: Barbara F. McMillan, LPC

No relevant financial relationships.

Commercial support

There is no commercial support for this distance-learning course.

Exam Questions

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Course Number 103247
1.25 CE credit hour
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  • Reading-Based Online
Exam Fee $7.46
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